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Programmable Automation Types of Process Automation

Automation: The Future of Efficiency is Here!

Automation has helped the manufacturing industry tremendously. As a technology, it helps reduce the need for human effort or assistance for any process that is followed at manufacturing units, factories, and so on. Automation also helps to operate equipment with the help of various control systems that are designed to ensure minimal human intervention, if any.

Automation has always been touted as a way to improve efficiency, reduce cycle times, increase production, ensure better quality, and much more. An added advantage of automation is that it makes the work environment at manufacturing units much safer.

Industrial Automation: An Overview

industrial robot applications

In layman terms, Industrial automation refers to the implementation of computers and robots as control systems for the purpose of handling various processes, machinery, and equipment in industry, in a manner that further helps in replacing or reducing human interference. Industrial automation is said to be the second step towards mechanisation in new-age industrialisation. It allows for increasing the product quality and ensures better reliability, at the same time helping reduce the costs of design and production.

Types of Industrial Automation

Fixed or Hard Automation: In fixed or hard automation, the system is designed to perform a repetitive set of operations which allows for high production rates. The fixed sequence used for assembling or processing the operations is automated using special purpose or dedicated equipment. After the sequence has been automated and employed, there is little chance of making changes to the product design. Fixed or hard automation is known to be one of the best ways for increasing efficiency with faster production rates and lesser costs per unit.

Programmable Automation: In programmable automation, a certain class of changes can be affected on both the product, as well as the processing or assembly operations by modifying the control program of the automated equipment. This type of automation is best suited for medium to high-volume batch production processes. Programmable automation can be seen at paper mills, steel rolling mills, in industrial robots, etc.

Flexible or Soft Automation: Flexible or soft automation allows for greater flexibility in making changes to the product design. Commands that are given in the form of codes ensure that the changes are performed quickly. Using flexible automation enables the manufacturing of multiple products of various ranges in a combined process.

Benefits of Industrial Automation

The benefits of implementing industrial automation include: –

  • Increased productivity of the workforce
  • Lower costs of operation
  • Enhanced product quality
  • Safer working environment
  • Reduced need for daily checks

Process Automation: An Overview

Types of Process Automation

Employed to automatically control processes in chemical and oil refineries and paper and pulp factories, process automation systems use a network that allows for interconnection of sensors, controllers, actuators, and operator terminals. These systems are based on the open standards of control systems and have been associated with SCADA systems as well. The use of process automation can also be seen in power plants, mining, and in the cement industry, allowing them to operate in a much more effective and safer way. Process automation came into effect after plant operators started finding it difficult to physically monitor performance values and output quality. The implementation of process automation has helped in simplifying data collection and storing and analysing the collected data.

Types of Process Automation

Types of Process Automation

Robotic Process Automation: Also known as RPA, this form of automation works with the help of metaphorical robots (commonly known as bots), which is basically software that is designed for specific functions, artificial intelligence (AI), and digital workers. The robotic process automation system creates an action list after observing a user performing the task in the graphical user interface and performs the automation process by repeating those tasks directly in the same graphical user interface. RPA has garnered a lot of attention and is being implemented in several industries of late. The benefits of robotic automation include accuracy and quality, better flexibility and control, improved cycle time, and workforce empowerment.

Business Process Automation: Also known as digital transformation, business automation, and BPA, this is a technology-backed automation system that assists the operation of complex business processes. The business process automation system includes integrating applications, implementing software applications, and restructuring labour resources throughout the business. By implementing business process automation, corporates and organisations can streamline their operations for improved simplicity. It can also help businesses achieve the much-required digital transformation and help them better the quality of their services, improve deliveries, and control costs. Other benefits of BPA include better employee engagement, a productive workforce, and improved governance.

Building Management Systems (BMS)

Types of Process Automation

Automation techniques and systems are now being implemented in home management as well. Known as the Building Management System (BMS) or Building Automation System (BAS), this is a computer-enabled control system that is installed in buildings to help control and monitor the mechanical and electrical components of the building. BMS comes with software and hardware, wherein the software program is configured using coding protocols like CC-Link IE, C-Bus, Profibus, and so on. Today, with the advances in technology, BMS can also be integrated with internet protocols and open standards.

Benefits of a Building Management System

The benefits of BMS are many, some of which include:

For Building Managers

  • It helps in gaining higher rental values
  • Allows for remote monitoring of plants
  • Offers ease in maintenance
  • Helps save time by allowing for individual tenant billing and services

For Maintenance Companies

  • Allows for better management of maintenance staff
  • Allows easy access to data and information
  • Allows for computerised scheduling of maintenance
  • Helps in early detection of problems

Additional Benefits

  • Energy efficient system
  • Increases operational cost savings
  • Allows for intelligent and improved reporting
  • Enables mobile or desktop control, thereby reducing risk factors

The implementation of building automation systems allows for enhanced safety, better monitoring and targeting of energy consumption, controlled rainwater harvesting, and so on, all of which can prove to be highly beneficial for buildings and homes.

Automation Systems by Mitsubishi Electric

Types of Process Automation

Mitsubishi Electric offers a vast range of automation and processing technologies to help you bring in higher productivity and efficiency to your business. Some of the most popular automation products by Mitsubishi Electric include Programmable Controllers, Motion Controllers, Data Logging Analysers, Industrial and Collaborative Robots, Graphic Operation Controllers (GOC), Low Voltage Switch Gear products, and much more. Other than these, we also offer:

  • Programmable Controllers which flexibly meet the production requirements.
  • Collaborative and Industrial Robots which capable of managing loads with high precision.
  • Power Management Meters for quantifying, recording, and monitoring electric power consumption at plants and buildings.
  • Human-Machine Interfaces (HMIs) —This is designed to deliver maximum usability and efficiency that customers look for.
  • Computerized Numerical Controllers(CNCs) - offers an advanced CNC control system to take your machining needs to a higher performance level

Better the Product; Greater the Efficiency

With more and more automation systems being launched consistently, the future of enterprises and manufacturing units is bright and automated. At the end of the day, the core motto at Mitsubishi Electric is to offer automation systems that not only enhance the productivity of workers but also to partner in realizing India’s dream to be No. 1.

Watch Article31 August 2020
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